Table of Contents
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Performing urine tests is covered here!
- Sweet: DKA/glycosuria
- Pungent: infection
- Ammonia-type smell: alkaline urine
- Red: haematuria/haemoglobinuria/myoglobinuria, porphyria, beetroot, drugs (rifampicin)
- Brown: bile pigments, myoglobin, methaemoglobin, drugs (levodopa, metronidazole, antimalarials, nitrofurantoin)
- Green/blue: Pseudomonas UTI, biliverdin, drugs (amitriptyline, methylene blue, propofol)
- Orange: bile pigments, drugs (phenothiazines)
- Cloudiness: pus, pyuria, alkaline urine phosphate crystals
Urine dipstick analysis
In which age groups are urine dipsticks not useful in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection?
A urine dipstick is undertaken in a patient with a severe acute kidney injury. 3+ protein is detected and nephrotic syndrome is suspected. Which further test can be used to quantify the proteinuria? What this the result threshold for nephrotic syndrome?
Which is the most common organism to cause a UTI?