Other respiratory differentials = extrinsic allergic alveolitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, LRTI, pleural effusion
Other cardiac differentials = cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, acute valvular disease, pericardial effusion, pulmonary hypertension
Other differentials = DKA, overdoses, metabolic acidosis, sepsis/systemic inflammatory response syndrome, foreign body, anaphylaxis, anaemia
A patient presents with breathlessness and a fever. You hear coarse crepitations in the left lower zone of their chest. What are the different types of crepitations and what may they signify?
Which initial investigations would you request?
What are the most common organisms to cause community acquired pneumonia?
Which antibiotics would you use?
The chest radiograph showed left lower zone consolidation with a pleural effusion. You suspect empyema. How would you diagnose this?